let us learn about the term Bearing. A bearing is a machine element that constrains
relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts. The design of the bearing may, for example,
provide for free linear movement of the moving part or for free rotation around a fixed axis;
or, it may prevent a motion by controlling the vectors of normal forces that bear on
the moving parts. Most bearings facilitate the desired motion
by minimizing friction. Bearings are classified broadly according
to the type of operation, the motions allowed, or to the directions of the loads (forces)
applied to the parts. Rotary bearings hold rotating components such
as shafts or axles within mechanical systems, and transfer axial and radial loads from the
source of the load to the structure supporting it. The simplest form of bearing, the plain bearing,
consists of a shaft rotating in a hole. Lubrication is often used to reduce friction. In the ball bearing and roller bearing, to
prevent sliding friction, rolling elements such as rollers or balls with a circular cross-section
are located between the races or journals of the bearing assembly. A wide variety of bearing designs exists to
allow the demands of the application to be correctly met for maximum efficiency, reliability,
durability and performance. THANK YOU.

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